Learn and Generate Bibliographies, Citations, and Works Cited

CategoryAPA Format

APA Style  is developed by the American Psychological Association (APA) for research in education, social and behavioral sciences. APA citation format rules are laid out in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association and are available online as well. Currently, the sixth edition is in place; however, APA is releasing the seventh edition soon. APA uses the author-date style with in-text citations and corresponding reference list entries.

Source:

VandenBos, G. R. (Ed). (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association

APA Journal Citation Examples
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Using journal articles in your APA research paper strengths your research. There are many ways to find journal articles, including through databases, and web searches. Writing a citation format for a journal article in APA follows the basic periodical format. Remember to include the URL or DOI if you use electronic sources. Journal Articles Print Citation Format One Author Citation Format Author...

APA Book Citation Examples
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APA Book Citation Format Writing citations for your APA reference list is easy to do if you follow the basic format. Remember to use the author’s last name and then initials only for the first and middle names. Include all the necessary elements so that your reader can find the exact source you used. APA citation format follows the author-date style, which means the year of publication will...

APA Citation
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APA citation follows the author-date style of formatting in-text and reference list entries. In APA author-date style, the last name of the author and the first name initial is the first element. After that, the year of publication is added to the citation followed by the rest of the source data. A citation is the combination of the in-text citation and the full source citation in the reference...

APA Style Guide
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Although APA style is used primarily in college and post-graduate studies, it is possible that your high school instructors will ask you to use this editorial style. APA follows the author-date citation format, which makes it easy to follow sources by looking for the author and the year of publication.  Overview of APA Style APA style was developed by the American Psychological Association to...

The Basics of APA Citation Format Style
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As students enter the research world in middle school, they start learning about new ways to research and format essays. As they progress through high school, this writing and research process becomes more complicated. One of the first things, students learn about research is the need to correctly cite the sources they use in their writing. Understanding the reasons behind using citations is the...

APA Block Quote Format
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APA style papers are written for social science fields such as psychology and behavioral sciences. As such, the material tends to be complex using high language. When you’re preparing your APA paper, you may find yourself using longer quotations from other researchers to strengthen your research argument. Using long quotations is acceptable in APA style. These style rules require that any direct...

APA PowerPoint Reference List
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Your teacher may ask you to prepare your research paper and then also prepare an accompanying slideshow presentation. Just like any other research presentation, you must include proper citation of your sources on your PowerPoint or Prezi slide show presentation. APA In-Text Citations As you prepare your slideshow presentations, you’ll need to distill your research points down to clear, well...

Citing PowerPoint Presentations in APA
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Students may find useful sources prepared in slideshow format using formats such as PowerPoint or Prezi. Lectures, meeting notes and other primary sources can be found in these presentations. Just like any other source, you must cite correctly in your APA reference list. PowerPoint Slideshow Citation While citing lectures, meeting notes or other slideshow presentations, follow the standard APA...

Listing Multiple Works by the Same Author in APA References
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As you conduct research on a particular topic, you will notice you come across the same authors who publish frequently. That is because researchers tend to focus on a particular area and continue to publish in it. It’s important you check publication dates to make sure you are aware of the most current research. Collaborating Authors Because there are a limited number of researchers in a...

How to Cite a Website with No Author in APA
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When you come across a relevant article published on a website, you may want to include that as a source for your APA paper. Unfortunately, many times online articles may not have an author byline. In that case, you will need to use the title of the article in place of the author’s name. Although, it is acceptable to include information from sources with no author listed, make sure it is, at...

Arranging Your APA Reference List
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Arranging your APA Reference list in the proper format is an important part of completing your research paper. As you prepare and write your paper, you should be compiling a preliminary reference list or bibliography that contains all the information you need for your citations. Make sure all your citations are accurate and lead your reader directly to the same source you used for your paper...

Using Footnotes in APA
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Generally using footnotes is associated with Chicago notes-biblio style but other styles do use them sometimes.  In APA style, use footnotes only when you absolutely must, and, ask your instructor, as well. The purpose of footnotes is to add to or clarify a point or simply to add copyright information. APA Footnotes There are two types of footnotes used in APA. 1. Content Footnotes Content...

Citing Technical and Research Reports in APA
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As you research for your school paper, you’ll likely come across sources in the form of technical and research reports. These types of reports are useful as secondary sources and to help you find primary sources but should not be relied on as the basis of your thesis. However, original qualitative and quantitative research papers are considered primary sources. Creating APA Citations It’s simple...

Citing Meeting and Symposia Proceedings in APA
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Professional, government agencies, and corporations often host conferences in which researchers can present new material and ideas to their peers. Conferences tend to be large multi-day events while a symposium is a smaller gathering, usually conducted in one day. Using Proceedings in Research Important current research is often presented at meetings and symposia, which is then published in...

Citing Six Authors or More in APA
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Many times, researchers in particular field will write papers together. At times, several authors, even eight or more, will collaborate on an extensive research paper. This can be confusing while creating your APA reference list. Creating Reference List Entries for Six Authors or More Format – Up to and including seven authors: Author, A.A., Author, B.B., Author, C.C. & Author, D.D. (2000)...

Citing Dissertations and Theses in APA
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Using doctoral dissertations and master’s theses is a useful way to bolster your research for your school paper. As post graduate students are required to do original research for their theses, these sources cover current, timely topics. Doctoral Dissertations and Master’s Theses Teachers prefer you use as many primary sources as possible. It is good to incorporate secondary sources in your...

Reviews and Peer Commentary APA Citations
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Although reviews of books, movies, video games and other published entertainment are not primary sources, they can still be helpful in your research. You can find reviews in many places, including: Magazines Newspapers Websites Blogs Even your local small-town newspaper probably publishes reviews. You may even find reviews of reviews! How to Format a Review in APA Reviewer, A.A. (2000). Title of...

Citing a Reference Book in APA
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One frequently asked question by students is how to properly cite a reference book such as a dictionary or encyclopedia in APA style. Reference books are useful to supplement your research but use them as a secondary source to help you find primary sources to back up your thesis. Creating an APA Citation Creating a reference book citation follows the APA book format. Typically, there are editors...

Researching and Writing an APA Psychology Paper
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Psychology is a popular elective course. Many students are curious about the way our minds work. We often try to ‘psychoanalyze’ each other by looking at our behavior and coming up with armchair diagnoses of our teachers and fellow students. However, psychology is a broad field with many sub-fields, including clinical, cognitive and developmental psychology. Selecting Your Topic Depending on your...

Understanding APA Literature Reviews
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Teachers often assign research papers to students, especially literature reviews. Literature reviews may be part of a larger research paper or stand alone on their own. Since conducting original research and writing a paper about it takes considerable time, instructors often require students prepare papers such as compare and contrast, critical essays or literature reviews instead. What is a...

Creating a School Project in APA Style
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In high school, your instructor typically asks you to write a critical essay or a short research paper on a current event or interesting person. Writing in MLA style and creating a Works Cited page for your references, works well for these papers.  However, if you take psychology or sociology classes in high school or college, you may be asked to write a paper using APA style. Understanding APA...

Developing an APA Annotated Bibliography
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APA Style uses an author-date reference list rather than a bibliography format to cite research sources. A reference list, unlike a bibliography, includes only those sources you cited within your school research paper. Each in-text citation matches a reference list entry. Starting the APA Annotated Bibliography However, your instructor may ask you to develop an annotated bibliography in APA style...

Writing APA Abstracts for a Literature Review
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While developing your APA style school research paper, follow the specific formatting guidelines to finalize your paper. This citation example focuses on writing abstracts for an APA style paper. Learning to write abstracts is a good skill as it helps you develop the ability to summarize the important points in your paper. A busy student can read abstracts to determine if it’s worth the time to...

How to Cite Legal Sources in APA
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If you’re using legal sources in your report and are trying to figure out how to fit them into your reference list, you’ll probably feel somewhat confused because, for the most part, APA follows The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation style. However, in some cases, you’ll still follow APA guidelines. Bluebook or APA APA recommends that references to legal materials, such as statutes, court...

APA Reference List: Periodical Examples
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APA Reference List: Periodical Examples. 6th Edition Periodicals are materials that are published on a regular basis. For example, magazines, newsletters, and journals may be published daily, weekly, monthly or on other regularly scheduled dates. Periodicals follow a general format in your APA report with a few differences between them. Newspaper article citations include the year of publication...

How to Alphabetize Your APA Reference List
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You’ve finished your paper and have your references organized and ready to place into your Reference List. You know it needs to be in alphabetical order so that’s pretty easy…a, b, c….  Or is it? But wait! You have three separate works written by the same author and two articles written by people with the same last name, different first names. Okay, so this isn’t as easy as it seems at first...

APA Book Reference Examples
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APA Reference List Citation Examples Creating APA citations for print and e-books is simple once you understand the format. APA uses the author-date system, which means the author’s last name, first initial and the date of publication are the most important elements of the citation. Citing Print Books in APA Style The specifics of how to cite a print book in APA style is slightly different...

APA Style Citation Format Examples
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Writing your paper was easy-peasy. You had the perfect sources, and everything reads great. Now, it’s time to format your reference page. You’re looking at the books, web pages, PDFs, journals and magazines that you used. Formatting each one is slightly different. Break down the format that you should use by looking at a few different APA style examples. Citation Rules There are rules...

Easy APA Citation Page
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Your professor requested APA format and your paper is done. Time to breathe easy, right? What about your references page? You didn’t think to create that while you were writing your paper and now you are staring at it in horror. You have your references, but what should they look like? How should they be formatted? Check out a few examples to make sure you are doing it right. Bibliography vs...

APA Style Guidelines for Multiple Authors
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Figuring out how to format your work with just one author was hard enough. Now, you have a book that has three different authors and one with eleven different authors. You know all those names are just going to clutter up your APA essay. Learn the right way to source multiple authors in the APA style. Creating a Parenthetical Citation Whether you have a book or magazine with multiple sources, the...

Citations for Quotes in APA Style
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You think adding quote citations is going to be simple. But, suddenly you have one book with multiple authors and another book with no date. You’re trying to add a citation for a website quote with no author or date. Plus, you have an interview. Simple citations have become a mess. Break down citations for books, websites and even interviews in even the most difficult of situations. Book...

Accurate APA Style Interview Citations
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Interviews can add a personalized touch to your paper, since this information is not found anywhere else and comes from an expert. Interviews are primary sources. Since you’ve done all the hard work and conducted the interview, make sure you cite it accurately to give your paper a polished look. Adding an Interview in APA APA is a style set forth by the American Psychological Association. It...

How to Use APA Citation With No Author
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Writing can be a fun and exciting time. Don’t let your head get all jumbled over styles, especially if you come across a difficult source like a blog or article with no author. Instead of losing your cool, follow these simple steps to citing sources with no author in APA. No Author, No Problem Style guides let you wrap everything up in a nice neat package. They even cover those sticky situations...