APA 7 style guidelines require a reference list of all the sources you included in your research paper. APA references follow the author-date style of citation. You may be asked to create an annotated APA bibliography, however. This could be a separate assignment or part of the larger research project. This goes above and beyond the basic reference list with a brief discussion of each entry.
Reference List Instructions
Start the reference list on the page following your report, after appendices, or any other supporting material. Follow these steps to write the perfect APA bibliography.
Format each citation entry by following these rules:
- List authors by last name, first name initial, and middle name initial (e.g., Doe, J. J.).
- Do not spell out first or middle name(s).
- Capitalize only the first letter of the title and subtitle of the article or book.
- Italicize titles of journals or books.
- Use an ampersand before the final author on works with multiple authors.
Format your bibliography page by following these rules:
- Use References as the title, centered at the top of the page.
- Double-space your text.
- Include the running head (optional for students in APA 7).
- Include the page number.
- Follow the letter by letter alphabetizing method.
Example APA Bibliography Page
APA Annotated Bibliography
You may be required to write an APA annotated bibliography. Follow the same formatting rules as above; however, include all sources consulted and add an evaluative or summary annotation of each source listed.
Example Citation Entry
Follow your teacher’s instructions while writing and researching your APA format school paper even if it’s different than what you’ve learned about formal APA style.
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