Learn and Generate Bibliographies, Citations, and Works Cited

CategoryHow To

Writing the perfect bibliography takes work. You need to have your sources ready and evaluate each source to ensure that you are citing it perfectly. 

Tips on Writing a Good Bibliography

Before you can begin creating your bibliography perfectly, you need to know what format you are working in. The way that you create your bibliography will depend on the specific style that you are using. There are several different styles available.

MLA:

This style is designed for creating liberal arts or humanities essays.

APA:

Use this style for creating in the education or science fields.

Chicago:

You might use this for creating a business essay for professionals.

Turabian:

Similar to the Chicago style but designed for students.

Harvard:

This is used to for referencing informational texts by students.

Perfect Citations

Each style comes with its own way to cite the works that you used. Additionally, within each style, you must cite different works differently. For example, a blog will be cited differently than a website. Among books, there are different formats for online books, print books and even books with multiple authors.

Adding Annotation

Sometimes a regular old bibliography just isn’t cutting it. Adding an annotated bibliography can proved validity and necessity to your citations. In an annotated bibliography, you add a purpose, summary and even information about the author.

Know the Difference

When you are creating a work in a specific style, a lot of different elements are going to come into play. These will include footnotes and in-text citations. It is important to know the difference between a footnote and a bibliography and why each are important.

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One way teachers help students learn to write research papers and essays is by teaching them to write an outline of the paper before they start writing it. Some teachers require an outline submitted prior to approving the topic. It helps both the students and teachers find out if you’re on the right track before going further in your research process. Although your teacher will tell you what...

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Difference Between Thesis and Purpose Statements
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As you select your topic and plan your research, you’ll need to think about your thesis statement. Your instructor may ask you to write a thesis statement or a purpose statement. Sometimes you will have both in the same paper. No matter what type of style you use – MLA, APA or Chicago,  you’ll need to include these statements. How to Use Thesis or Purpose Statements After you select...

Et al. and Other Latin Abbreviations
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Although we see abbreviated Latin words in articles, it can still be confusing as sometimes the way people use them is incorrect. Many Latin abbreviations have fallen out of common use, but still used in scholarly writing – ibid., etc., and i.e. are frequently used in text and reference citations. Definition of et al. Et al. means “and others” in Latin. Actually, it’s an abbreviation for...

Citing Sources for Your Science Fair Project
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Creating an Endnote in a Research Paper
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Endnotes and footnotes are used in Chicago notes-biblio style. An endnote and a footnote are the same thing – notes placed either at the bottom of the page or at the end of the paper, book, or chapter. These notes are short additions, clarifications or copyright information. They are placed outside of the text to provide the reader with a better reading experience. Using Notes One way for...

Abstracts and Annotated Bibliographies
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Sometimes students are assigned to write an annotated bibliography as a standalone assignment. This is a good exercise to learn about researching and evaluating sources. Some students may wonder if an abstract is the same as an annotated bibliography entry. Others may wonder if they need to include an abstract with the annotated bibliography. Although on the surface, the two appear similar, each...

Understanding Primary and Secondary Sources
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No matter what editorial style you use for your school essay, APA, Chicago, or MLA, you will need to understand the difference between primary and secondary sources. Most papers include a combination of primary and secondary sources. It’s important to learn how to evaluate sources so that you are using material and data prepared by authoritative sources. Examples of Primary Sources Primary...

In-Text and Parenthetical Citations
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As you start researching and writing your school paper, you’ll notice discussion about in-text and parenthetical citations. You may wonder if these are two different things and are confused about how to use these. You may hear these citations referred to ‘internal’ citations; however, the commonly used terms are ‘in-text’ or ‘parenthetical’. Difference Between...

Writing a Literature Review for a College Paper
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When you write an APA research paper, you will follow the introduction with a brief recap of the previous literature on your topic. This literature review helps guide your reader through your research process and backs up your research strategy and thesis. Literature Review Section A Literature review can be a research paper on its own. The author will critically evaluate published material on a...

Copyright and Fair Use for Students
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Copyright law allows for fair use for students of copyrighted permissions under certain conditions. It’s important to understand how copyright law affects you as it’s a serious business. Publishers and companies spend a lot of money and legal time to protect their copyrights, trademarks and patents. With so much information available online, it’s easy to think it’s all open for your use, but that...

Evaluating Sources for Your School Essay
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Useful Copyright Law Sources for Students
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Finding Free Primary Sources for Your School Essay  
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How to Avoid Plagiarism in Your School Essay
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Finding Public Domain Sources for Your Class Essay
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Writing a Social Studies Essay
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Footnotes or Endnotes?
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APA References, Works Cited and Bibliography Differences
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Using a DOI® Link
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Bibliography for a Research Paper
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References and citations are the apples and oranges of the writing world. While it might seem like these two words are interchangeable. They are distinctly different within a scholarly writing piece. Learn what they are and how to use each one. Citations or References No matter what writing style that you use, you’ll come across the reference or citation dilemma, especially if you’re a...

How to Write an Annotated Bibliography in MLA Style
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How to Cite a PDF in MLA, APA and, Chicago
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How to Cite a Picture in MLA
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How to Use APA Citation With No Author
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