Learn and Generate Bibliographies, Citations, and Works Cited


Creating a bibliography is all about citing the works that you used in your essay to back up your research. However, depending on the type of work that you created or what it’s for, your citations are going to be a bit different.

Citation Formats, Styles and Examples

Generally, most of your writing will fall into the big three writing styles: APA, MLA or CMOS. But, other styles, like the Turabian and Harvard, are also available.

American Psychological Association

One of the most common styles, APA is used for essays or research papers in education, psychology, social sciences, etc. Citing sources will look different depending on the source. A printed book would be sourced in APA like:

Author last name, First initial. (year of publication) Title of work. City, State Publisher: Publisher.

Modern Language Association

If your essay falls into the area of humanities or liberal arts, you might opt for the MLA format for citations. While there are several ways to cite a source, citing a printed book will look like:

Last name, First name, Middle initial. Title of book. Publication place: Publisher, Publication date: Print

Chicago Manual of Style/Turabian

Business and fine arts writers might use a different approach. The CMOS is a professional style that offers a variety of different ways to list your sources in a bibliography. The Turabian is a form of the Chicago style that is designed for essays that will not be published. A print book citation in CMOS will look like:

Last name, First name. Title of book. Publication place: Publisher, publication date.

Harvard Referencing System

The Harvard style is designed for informational texts and can be used for liberal arts or social sciences. Referencing a book looks like:

Last name, First initial. (Year Publication). Title of work. Edition. Place published: Publisher.

10 Common Citation Mistakes (and How to Ensure You Avoid Them)

Writing is a skill. That’s why it’s important to keep perfecting it. Whether you are new to bibliographies or they have become your old friend, mistakes are easy to make. Learn how to avoid the most common mistakes by checking out a list of the top citation mistakes. 1. Missing References or Citations One of the most common citation mistakes is missing references or citations. First of all...

How to Cite a Lecture in APA, MLA and Chicago Styles

Live and video lectures create exceptional sources of information for your research paper. Learn how to cite a lecture in styles like APA, MLA, and Chicago. Explore examples for creating a reference list, works cited, and bibliography lecture citation. You’ll also learn how to cite lectures in text for any style. Table of Contents Citing a Lecture in MLA How to Cite a Lecture in APA Cite a...

How to Cite a Short Story From Any Source

Short stories can be a great addition to your works cited or reference list. However, how to create short story citations isn’t something you can easily find online. Learn how to cite a short story using MLA, APA, and Chicago style. See examples for creating short story citations for books, websites, and periodicals in text and in your bibliography. Table of Contents How to Cite a Short...

How to Cite a Website in APA, MLA and Chicago in Any Paper

Website citations have become common in academic papers. So, it’s essential to know how to cite a website in APA, MLA, and Chicago styles. Get step-by-step instructions for online social media, blog, video, and website citations. Table of Contents APA 7: How to Cite a Website MLA 8: How to Cite a Website Chicago: How to Cite a Website   How to Cite a Website in APA 7 Learn how to cite...

How to Cite a Play in MLA

You thought you were a citation master until you hit an MLA play citation roadblock. You’ve quickly discovered that you don’t know how to cite a play in MLA 8 correctly. In MLA style, you need to learn how to cite a play that is published, unpublished, live or even part of an anthology. To begin, you’ll need to include the playwright, act, scene and even line numbers, if they are available...

How to Add or Insert Citations in Word Quickly

If you’re using Microsoft Word for writing your school project, you’ll benefit from some tricks to help you format your academic paper. For example, there is a very easy way to insert citations in a Word document. Follow along with the steps below and you’ll be adding in-text citations to your school paper with ease. Inserting Citations in Word, Step by Step Follow these steps to insert citations...

Setting Up Dictionary Citations for Your Essay

A good way to guide your reader to the exact definition of a word you’ve used in your essay is to include a dictionary citation. You should keep in mind, however, that reference works, like dictionaries and encyclopedias, are secondary sources. You should use primary sources as much as possible in your essay instead. Setting up dictionary citations for your essay depends on the type of style used...

APA Image Citations for Photos and Digital Pictures

Adding images, such as photos and digital pictures, to your sources helps your reader better visualize your research. Several sites provide access to historical photos, for example. A quick web search using the keyphrase “free historical images archive” can yield quite a few sites. Narrow your search to find a more specific image. Then, you’ll need to learn how to format an APA...

How to Do In-Text Citations in APA Format

As you start writing your paper, you realize you need to include in-text citations in the proper APA format. In-text citations in APA 7 are sometimes called “parenthetical” citations because they are placed inside parentheses within a sentence. You may also place them within a sentence directly. Purpose of In-Text Citations Writing a research paper usually means you’re referencing...

Using Endnotes and a Bibliography

Your professor required that you create endnotes for your in-text citation. You’ve composed your endnote page beautifully. Now, you’re looking at creating the bibliography. But why? Didn’t you already cover everything in your endnotes? Learn about the differences and similarities between a bibliography and endnotes. Find out when you’ll use each and why. Endnotes, Bibliography or Both...