Learn and Generate Bibliographies, Citations, and Works Cited

CategoryAPA Format

APA Style  is developed by the American Psychological Association (APA) for research in education, social and behavioral sciences. APA citation format rules are laid out in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association and are available online as well. Currently, the sixth edition is in place; however, APA is releasing the seventh edition soon. APA uses the author-date style with in-text citations and corresponding reference list entries.

Source:

VandenBos, G. R. (Ed). (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association

APA Reference Page Examples and Format Guide
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When it comes to creating your APA reference page, this is on a separate page after the body of your paper. The formatting of your APA 7 references page includes 1-inch margins, double spacing, references sorted alphabetically, and a hanging indent. To make sure you have everything on your APA reference page perfect, use this step-by-step guide to walk you through the process. Table of Contents...

APA Title Page Elements and Format
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It’s easy to get nervous when creating your APA title page. However, APA has everything laid out for you, so you don’t go astray in your essay. Rather than worry, follow this simple guide to creating your APA title page for students and professionals. How To Set Up an APA Title Page 7th Edition When it comes to setting up your APA style paper, you’ll encounter a title page. Additionally...

APA 7th Edition: Key Changes Explained
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Changes can be frustrating. But, they are a necessity, especially when it comes to style guides. In an attempt to keep up with the changing world, APA updated their style guide in 2019. View the APA 7th edition changes covering in-text citations, the reference page, formatting, mechanics of style, and tables. APA 7th Edition Changes in In-Text Citations When APA made their changes in 2019, one...

APA Format Guidelines for an A+ Paper
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Are you ready to create an APA format paper? Well, it’s time. Learn all the tips and tricks to create an APA format paper from the margins and heads to the title page and figures. APA Format Paper General Guidelines You are about to embark on the creation of your APA paper formatting. It might be your first time, or you just need a refresher. Whatever the case, this guideline has you covered for...

APA Table Guidelines Made Simple
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In the 7th edition, the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association set forth some clarifications and easy-to-follow guidelines for creating tables and where you can put them. Make setting up your APA table a breeze by following this step-by-step guide. Setting Up an APA Table The APA style guide is all about…well style. So, they designate just how you can set up your...

Using APA Figures Correctly
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Images can add clarity to your argument or research. In APA, these are known as APA figures. When creating an APA figure, there are a few rules you need to follow. And, APA format lays those out clearly. APA Figure Composition Do you want to add a figure to your APA paper but are worried about composing it right? Figures in APA cover everything from pie charts and flowcharts to photographs and...

APA Format and Citations
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When it comes to writing styles, the format for APA citations can be a formidable foe. However, if you break down the APA format into the basics, it doesn’t really look so scary. Use this easy-to-follow APA format and citations guide to break down your research writing into easy steps. Table of Contents What Is APA Style? Choosing Your Thesis Finding Sources Creating an Outline Formatting an APA...

APA Image Citations for Photos and Digital Pictures
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Adding images, such as photos and digital pictures, to your sources helps your reader better visualize your research. Several sites provide access to historical photos, for example. A quick web search using the keyphrase “free historical images archive” can yield quite a few sites. Narrow your search to find a more specific image. Then, you’ll need to learn how to format an APA...

Why Are Proper Citations Important in Academic Writing?
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As students begin writing papers for English and history classes, they learn about citing sources. At first, writing proper citations in academic writing seems confusing and strange. You might even think it’s a waste of time! However, as you continue to write your papers, it becomes clear why you must include citations in your research papers and essays. Understanding Style Guides When your...

How to Do In-Text Citations in APA Format
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As you start writing your paper, you realize you need to include in-text citations in the proper APA format. In-text citations in APA 6 are sometimes called “parenthetical” citations because they are placed inside parentheses within a sentence. You may also place them within a sentence directly. Purpose of In-Text Citations Writing a research paper usually means you’re referencing...

APA Bible Citation Examples
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Need to refer to religious scripture in your school paper? Take a look at these APA Bible citation examples for how you should format your references. Although students use APA 7 style for writing papers in social science subjects like psychology, economics, and sociology, these subjects may also include religious themes. As well, theology classes may require APA format for assignments. As...

APA Anthology Citation Examples
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An anthology is a collection of works assembled into one format. For example, essays published by different authors centered around a theme are often published in a single book. Poetry is often published in an anthology. Although citing anthologies in APA 7 style may seem confusing at first, it’s actually very easy as you’ll follow the basic format of citing a chapter in an edited...

APA Citations for TV Shows Examples
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Follow these APA citations for TV shows examples when creating your works cited page. Writers for television shows often use the medium to explore social issues, such as racism, prison reform, gender identity and other social justice issues. Many programs produced in the 1970s brought such issues to the public’s attention. Television shows such as All in the Family, Maude, and The Jeffersons used...

APA PowerPoint Citation Examples
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Using lectures or notes created with presentation software, such as PowerPoint or Prezi, helps you in your research. Presenters sometimes share their findings at conferences or in lectures before publishing in journals or books. Find sources for your APA school paper from company training documents, lectures, and online training websites. While a PowerPoint presentation might be a formidable foe...

APA Video Citation Examples
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Do you want to add a personal touch to your research paper? Videos are a great way to do this but might be intimidating to cite. However, APA video citations aren’t as hard as you think. Get the ins and outs for making an APA video citation easily. APA Basic Format Adding video examples to your research paper helps you add visual elements for your readers. Films, movies, presentations and...

APA Citation Examples for Peer Reviewed Articles
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Using peer-reviewed journal articles in your research paper is a great way to add credibility. Citing them isn’t hard either. Learn how to cite a peer-reviewed article in APA using these easy to follow examples. Journal Article With One Author Use these APA citation examples for peer-reviewed journal articles to add authority to your APA 7 research paper.  Reviewing research by peers in the...

APA Article Citation Examples
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Books can get old fast. Magazines and journals are great relevant resources to add to your APA references list. Learn how to cite an article APA using a clear explanation and several examples. Just remember, writing a reference source citation for articles in APA 7 style follows the periodical format. APA Article – Print Format Using articles published in newspapers, magazines and journals...

APA Website Citation Examples
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Using the web to find information for your APA format school paper is the easiest way for students. Since it’s easy to upload content daily or even hourly, the information is current.  Follow the APA 7 citation format for the source and add the website address at the end. Basic APA Citation Format Websites can offer a plethora of resources for your APA format paper. However, remember that...

APA Citation YouTube Video Examples
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Using YouTube videos for your APA format research paper is a good way to add interesting visual content to your research. Although YouTube is the most popular video hosting service, there are others available. To format your APA 6 citations for other video hosting sites, such as Vimeo, include the site where you found your video source. APA Video Citation Format For APA format, follow the basic...

APA Movie Citation Examples
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Although it isn’t common to make an APA movie citation in your research paper, there are times when you may need to do so. For example, you may need to create an APA film citation for a documentary about people who suffer from depression or anxiety you used in your psychology research. Therefore, it’s essential to learn how to cite a movie or documentary in APA for your reference page...

APA Magazine Article Citation Examples
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Do you need an APA magazine citation fast for your reference page? Citing a magazine in APA isn’t as hard as you think. And, magazines offer a current viewpoint of newly discovered research results. Now it’s time to learn how to make an APA magazine citation using the article title, magazine, and publication year. APA Magazine Citation for Print Magazines are phenomenal resources for...

How to Write an APA Bibliography
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APA 7 style guidelines require a reference list of all the sources you included in your research paper. APA references follow the author-date style of citation. You may be asked to create an annotated APA bibliography, however. This could be a separate assignment or part of the larger research project. This goes above and beyond the basic reference list with a brief discussion of each entry...

APA Citation Newspaper Article Examples
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Do you need to know how to cite the Washington Post in APA? How to cite a newspaper article in APA requires the author, date, title, and location. Still, confused? Use this quick guide to learn to make an APA 7 citation for a newspaper article. How to Cite a Newspaper Article APA 7 – Print When it comes to citing a newspaper article with one author in your APA format school paper, the...

APA Journal Citation Examples
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Using journal articles in your APA 7 research paper strengthens your research. There are many ways to find journal articles, including databases and web searches. An APA journal citation follows the basic periodical format. Remember to include the URL or DOI if you use electronic sources. Journal Articles Print Citation Format The APA format for citing a journal article follows a basic author...

APA Book Citation Examples
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APA book citations might look intimidating, but they aren’t bad once you learn the basic format. APA 7 book citations include the author, publication year, book title, and publisher. Remember to use the author’s last name and then only the initials for the first and middle names. The APA in-text citation format for a book follows the author-date style, which means the year of...

APA Citation Guidelines
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APA 7 citation follows the author-date style of formatting in-text and reference list entries. In APA author-date style, the last name of the author and the first name initial is the first element. After that, the year of publication is added to the citation, followed by the rest of the source data. A citation is the combination of the in-text citation and the full source citation in the...

APA Citation Format Guidelines and Examples
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As students enter middle school, they start learning how to research and format essays. As they progress through high school, this writing and research process becomes more complicated. This may include learning the basic format for an APA citation. Before this, though, students must learn about the need to cite the sources they use in their writing correctly. Understanding the reasons behind...

APA Block Quote Format
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As you are weeding through the complex language of your APA paper, you might find yourself needing to use a long quote or a block quotation. In APA, direct quotations that are 40 words or longer must be set off in a block quote. Like any writing style, an APA block quote needs to follow a specific format. Learn the rules to create a perfect APA block quote in your research paper. APA Block Quote...

Format an APA PowerPoint Reference Slide
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In addition to an APA 6 research paper, your teacher may also ask you to prepare a PowerPoint slideshow presentation. Just like any other research presentation, you must include proper citations of your sources for your slideshow presentation. APA In-Text Citations for PowerPoint As you prepare your PowerPoint or Prezi slideshow presentations in APA 6, you’ll need to distill your research...

How to Cite a Powerpoint in APA Format
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Students may find useful sources prepared in slideshow format, like in PowerPoint or Prezi. Lectures, meeting notes and other primary sources can be found in these presentations. Just like with any other source, you must cite PowerPoint presentations correctly in your APA 6 reference list. PowerPoint Slideshow APA Citation While citing lectures, meeting notes or other slideshow presentations...

Citing Multiple Sources in APA With the Same Author
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You thought you had APA 7 citations in the bag. However, now you’re trying to create an APA citation for sources with the same author but a different publication year. What do you do? When you’re citing multiple works by the same author in APA, you must distinguish them by the publication year in your citations. Keep reading to learn how to create reference citations for multiple...

Creating APA Citations for Websites With No Author
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Do you want to include a website in your APA 7 style paper, but it has no author? How you cite a website in APA with no author is to use the article’s title instead. Although it is acceptable to include information from sources with no author listed in your APA website citation, make sure it at least comes from a reliable website, such as a government entity, university, or reputable...

How Is the Reference List Arranged in APA?
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Arranging your APA 7 reference list in the proper format is an integral part of completing your research paper. As you prepare and write your paper, you should compile a preliminary reference list or bibliography that contains all the information you need for your citations. Make sure all your citations are accurate and lead your reader directly to the same source you used for your paper. APA...

Abstracts vs. Annotated Bibliographies With Examples
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Sometimes students are assigned to write annotated bibliographies as standalone assignments. This is a good exercise to learn how to research and evaluate sources. Some students may wonder if abstracts are the same as annotated bibliographies. Others may wonder if they need to include an abstract with the annotated bibliography. Although the two appear similar on the surface, each serves a...

Footnotes in APA With Format Tips and Examples
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Generally, using footnotes is associated with Chicago notes-biblio style. Even so, other styles do use them sometimes. With APA 7 style, you should use footnotes only when you absolutely must. Ask your instructor for clarification. The purpose of footnotes is to add to or clarify a point. Footnotes are also used to add copyright information. Types of APA Footnotes There are two types of footnotes...

Writing a Literature Review for a College Research Paper
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When you write an APA 6 research paper, you will follow the introduction with a brief recap of the previous literature on your topic. This literature review helps guide your reader through your research process and backs up your research strategy and thesis. Literature Review Section A literature review can be a research paper on its own. The author will critically evaluate published material on...

Citing Technical and Research Reports in APA
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As you research for your APA 7 style school paper, you’ll likely come across sources in the form of technical and research reports. These types of reports are useful as secondary sources. They can help you find primary sources, but you shouldn’t rely on them as the basis of your thesis. However, original qualitative and quantitative research papers are considered primary sources. Basic APA...

APA Poster Presentation, Meeting, and Symposia Citations
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Professional organizations, government agencies, and corporations often host conferences in which researchers can present new material and ideas to their peers. Conferences tend to be large multi-day events while a symposium is a smaller gathering, usually conducted in one day. Learn how to format symposia citations in APA 7 correctly to add this material to your APA citation research paper...

Citing of Six or More Multiple Authors in APA
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There comes a time when you’ll be citing multiple authors in APA style. Why? Many times, researchers in a particular field write papers together. At times, multiple authors, even twenty or more, collaborate on an extensive research paper. Creating a citation in APA with multiple authors can be confusing in your reference list, but it doesn’t need to be. Learn how to cite multiple...

APA Citations for a Thesis or Dissertation
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Learn how to cite a dissertation and thesis in APA. Why? Because using doctoral dissertations and master’s theses is a useful way to bolster your research for your APA format school paper through current, timely topics. You can also get several examples to guide you through the rules for an APA 7 citation of a dissertation and thesis for your reference list. How to Cite a Dissertation or...

Reviews and Peer Commentary APA Citations
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Although reviews of books, movies, video games, and other published entertainment are not primary sources, they can still help your research. As such, you’ll need to know how to cite reviews as part of writing your APA 7 format research paper. Learn how to cite a review, including a book review in APA. Where to Find Reviews You can find reviews in many places, including: Magazines...

Citing a Reference Book in APA
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One frequently asked question by students is how to properly cite a reference book, such as a dictionary or encyclopedia, in APA format. Reference books are useful to supplement your research. However, you should use them primarily as a secondary sources to find more primary sources to back up your thesis. That will make for a stronger APA 7 style paper. Creating an APA Citation Creating a...

Researching and Writing an APA Psychology Paper
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Psychology is a popular elective course. Many students are curious about the way our minds work. We often try to “psychoanalyze” each other by looking at our behavior and coming up with armchair diagnoses of our teachers and fellow students. However, psychology is a broad field with many sub-fields, including clinical, cognitive and developmental psychology. Get top marks on your APA...

Understanding APA Literature Reviews
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Teachers often assign research papers to students, especially an APA literature review. Literature reviews may be part of a larger research paper or stand alone on their own. Since conducting original research and writing a paper about it takes considerable time, instructors often require students prepare papers such as compare and contrast, critical essays or literature reviews instead. What Is...

Writing an APA Style Paper for a School Project
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In high school, your teacher typically asks you to write a critical essay or a short research paper on a current event or interesting person. Writing in MLA style and creating a works cited page for your references works well for these papers. However, if you take psychology or sociology classes in high school or college, you may be asked to write a paper using APA 6 style. Understanding APA...

APA Annotated Bibliography Guide With Examples
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You just got the hand of bibliographies, but now your teacher is requesting an APA annotated bibliography. You can feel the sweat beading on your forehead and the panic starting to set in. First of all, don’t panic. Creating an annotated bibliography in APA format is as simple as 1, 2, 3. Well maybe not that simple, but it’s not as hard as you think. Learn the ins and outs of creating...

Writing Abstracts for a Literature Review in APA Format
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Do you need to know how to write a literature review abstract in APA? You’ve come to the right place. This citation example focuses on abstract writing in an APA format style paper. Learning how to write an abstract in APA is an excellent skill to have, as it helps you develop the ability to summarize the essential points in your paper. In addition to a how-to, you can explore several APA...

How to Cite a Legal Case, Document, or Source in APA
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If you’re using legal sources in your report, you’ll need to know how to fit them into your reference list. You may feel somewhat confused, though, because, for the most part, APA format follows The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation style for citing legal sources. However, in some cases, you’ll still follow standard APA 6 guidelines. Bluebook or APA The sixth edition of APA recommends...

APA Reference List Examples of Periodical Citations
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Periodicals are materials that are published on a regular basis. For example, magazines, newsletters, and journals may be published daily, weekly, monthly or on other regularly scheduled dates. Periodicals follow a general format in your APA 6 report with a few differences between them. Newspaper article citations include the year of publication as well as the day; however, journal articles use...

Putting APA References in Alphabetical Order
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You’ve finished your paper and organized your references. Now you’re ready to alphabetize the entries in your APA 7 format reference list. However, you have authors with the same name, weird letters, and numbers. What should you do? APA citation order is getting confusing. Rather than panic, learn how to create an APA reference list in alphabetical order by following these quick and...