As you research for your APA 6 style school paper, you’ll likely come across sources in the form of technical and research reports. These types of reports are useful as secondary sources. They can help you find primary sources, but you shouldn’t rely on them as the basis of your thesis. However, original qualitative and quantitative research papers are considered primary sources.
Basic APA Citation Format
It’s simple to create your reference list entries for technical and research reports. Simply follow the basic book citation format for APA 6 style:
Author, A. A. (1998). Title of work (Report No. xxx). Location: Publisher.
As you can see, there is a place after the title to enter a report number. Enclose the report number in parentheses. There will not necessarily be a number, so don’t worry if you can’t find it. That number may also be called:
- Contract number
- Monograph number
For technical reports that you access online, you may need to append additional information at the end of your citation. If the publisher is also the author, place the name of the agency as the author. If not, then add this notation to the end of your citation:
Retrieved from Name of Agency website, https://www.xxxxxx
Examples of Technical Report Citations
Review the following examples of citations for technical, research and government reports.
Example of Corporate Author, Government Report
Example of Task Force Online Report
Example of Nongovernmental Organization Report
A nongovernmental organization, or NGO, is a non-profit organized around a common goal for the betterment of society. NGOs will often publish research results.
Example of Institutional Archive
Many libraries, universities and other institutions interested in preserving documents provide archives for collections of work. This includes technical reports. Here is an example of a report archived at the University of Michigan.
Example of Issue Brief
An issue brief is a short summary outlining the problems surrounding an issue, written for a layperson. Include the issue brief number inside parentheses after the title, as shown.
Research Government Reports Too
Government reports are also good ways to find authoritative sources for your APA format school report. Study the reports carefully to determine whether they are primary or secondary sources.