Learn and Master Bibliographies, Works Cited, and References


Telling and showing are two very different things. Sometimes, it is better to lead by example. Having examples of several different styles and citations can be helpful in clarifying how you should be setting up your bibliography page and giving you the proper format for citations.

Why Use Examples

When you are setting up your bibliography, you could read the instructions over and over again but it doesn’t matter how many times you read it if it isn’t making sense. Having examples that show you the different formats for APA, MLA, Chicago and even Harvard can save you time. And time is precious whether you are a student or a professional. Especially if you are working on an essay that is due tomorrow.

Citation Examples

Different styles take on different formats. And sometimes, these formats only vary by a colon, period or slight placement. If you aren’t an expert, it is easy to get your MLA and APA citations all switched round. Just look at these two print book examples:

MLA: Smith, John, S. Journey Beyond. Fictionland: No one, 2018. 

Chicago: Smith, John. Journey Beyond. Fictionland: No one, 2018.

Seeing a visual example can help you to make sure you are citing your sources correctly.  

Examples of Types

Do you know what an annotated bibliography is? What about how to create one? Knowing the difference between a bibliography, annotated bibliography and works cited is just a click away. Having a visual can show you how the set up and information is slightly different for each one. For example, in an annotated bibliography example, you can see the format and what you might write. It can show you the information that is included as well.

Citing Scholarly Journal Articles in MLA Works Cited

Using scholarly journal articles in your MLA essay is a good way to find authoritative sources to back up your thesis statement. Journal articles fall under both primary and secondary sources, depending on the content. When you are searching for relevant articles, read the abstract first. This helps determine whether it will be a useful article for your paper. Finding Journal Articles for Your...

MLA Works Cited Magazine and Newspaper Articles

In MLA’s latest update, MLA Handbook, Eighth Edition, a container system was developed to help students figure out how to cite sources, like articles, correctly. MLA style is used in the humanities, which includes bibliographic entries for art, music, film, movies and video. With the changing technology, it became difficult for MLA editors to keep up with the changes. Primary and Secondary...

Useful Copyright Law Sources for Students

Are you interested in copyright law? Or writing a college essay or research paper on copyright law? Explore these links to gain a better understanding on the history of copyright law in the United States. Each entry tells you whether it is a primary or secondary source. Copyright Websites United States Copyright Office This is the link to the complete version of the U.S. Copyright Law, December...

Finding Free Primary Sources for Your School Essay  

As you start your research for your humanities or social studies project, you will need sources for primary documents such as original letters, interviews, images, art, research at many others. Understanding copyright law terms will help you avoid plagiarism. Even though most items are copyrighted by their owners, there are several places you can find archived items. Many institutions such as...

Sample Bibliography for an Anthropology Essay

If you are writing an anthropology essay on the Navajo people, you may choose to talk about housing structures. This  Chicago/Turabian author-date style Sample Bibliography provides five resources for you to start researching this subject. References Drover, Christopher E. 1985. “Navajo Settlement and Architecture in Southeastern California.” Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 7...

Creating a Bibliography for an Anthropology Essay

Learning about cultures helps students understand how social and family bonds are formed. It helps students empathize with other cultures. Studying anthropology is a broad area and there are many topics to chose from within this subject. Generally, this subject is an elective, but you will learn many interesting things if you chose this course. What is Anthropology? Anthropology is defined as the...

Preparing a Chicago Author-Date Essay Outline

One of the first steps to writing a college or high school essay or research paper is creating an outline. Why Create an Essay Outline Part of your assignment Your teacher may include an outline as part of the assignment. If the paper is long, often instructors will ask for an outline as the first part of the assignment. This allows s/he to track your progress. Helps you stay organized Starting a...

Using Journal Articles in Notes-Biblio Style

After you finish your research for your school paper, you will notice you have several sources obtained from research journal articles. Journal articles are great sources for finding current sources. Your college offers free access to several databases, such as ProQuest or JSTOR. If you don’t have access through your school, ask the reference librarian at your local library to help you. The best...

Creating Notes Biblio Entries for Online Sources

As you develop your research paper in the Chicago Notes-Biblio style, try to use print sources as well as online sources. You may find material originally created in the print form, particularly scholarly journal articles, published in databases such as ProQuest. Generally, online databases require a paid subscription, but your school, college or public library provides access to most sources...

Using the Chicago/Turabian Author-Date Style for Books

Depending on the type of Chicago style you are using, you’ll either create a notes-biblio style bibliography or an author-date style reference list. The author-date style is used a lot in the natural and physical sciences plus social sciences. In this style, the author’s name and the date of publication are considered the best way to identify the sources you’ve used to create your paper. Using...

Alphabetizing Your  MLA Works Cited List

You finally have your research paper finished and your sources created into entries and now you can start putting it all together. You’re almost done. Alphabetizing your MLA Works Cited list is easy as it follows the letter by letter method. Read on to understand how this method works when you’re dealing with multiple authors, no author or other cases. List Items Alphabetically  The first step is...

Using 3- em Dash in Chicago/Turabian

While developing your Chicago/Turabian style bibliography or reference list, you may use the 3-em dash method for multiple works by the same author. In the author-date style you will use the publication date to organize your  entries by the same author (or editor, translator).  If you are using the notes-biblio style, you will organize your entries by the title of the work. Creating a 3-em Dash A...

How to Cite Legal Sources in APA

If you’re using legal sources in your report and are trying to figure out how to fit them into your reference list, you’ll probably feel somewhat confused because, for the most part, APA follows The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation style. However, in some cases, you’ll still follow APA guidelines. Bluebook or APA APA recommends that references to legal materials, such as statutes, court...

APA Reference List: Periodical Examples

APA Reference List: Periodical Examples. 6th Edition Periodicals are materials that are published on a regular basis. For example, magazines, newsletters, journals may be published daily, weekly, monthly or other regularly scheduled dates. Periodicals follow a general reference form in APA with a few differences. Newspaper articles citations include the year of publication as well as the day;...

APA Book Reference Examples

APA Reference List Citation Examples Creating APA citations for print and ebooks is simple once you understand the format. APA uses the author-date system, which means the author’s last name, first initial and the date of publication are the most important elements of the citation. Citing Print Books in APA BOOK (PRINT) One author Author, A.A. (2001). Title of work. Location: Publisher...

APA, MLA and, CMOS Footnote Referencing Styles

You’ve ventured into the wacky world of footnotes. Understanding which styles use them, when they use them and how to use them can have you scratching your head in confusion. Don’t fret! Learn all the different footnotes referencing styles, why you might use footnotes and how to use them through examples. Using Footnotes Footnotes are one way to make in-text citations. Similar to author-date or...

Standard Chicago/Turabian Bibliography Template

Creating a paper is a lot of work. However, before you can sit back and relax, you need to create a bibliography. The bibliography will list all the sources that you used in the creation of your work. Bibliographies are typically found in Chicago, Turabian and Harvard writing styles. Knowing Your Style Different styles use different citation pages. Chicago, Turabian and Harvard can use a...

Bibliography Examples for Students

It can be hard to know where to start when you are creating your bibliography. Are you creating the right margins? Is the formatting correct? Use examples to make sure that your bibliography is top-notch. It’s All a Bibliography Right? When it comes to a writing a bibliography, it can get confusing. This is because the word bibliography can have a double meaning when it comes to writing styles...

Preliminary Bibliography Examples

When you’re trying to get your project or research paper organized, it can be helpful to create a preliminary bibliography before jumping in head first. Not only will this help you to organize your research, but it’ll give you a good start on your paper. Preliminary bibs can also help you figure out which sources are keepers or duds. What Is a Preliminary Bibliography? After you hone down...

Easy APA Citation Page

Your professor requested APA format and your paper is done. Time to breathe easy right? What about your references page? You didn’t think to create that while you were writing your paper and now you are staring at it in horror. You have your references, but what should they look like? How should they be formatted? Check out a few examples to make sure you are doing it right. Bibliography vs...