Learn and Generate Bibliographies, Citations, and Works Cited

AuthorAdrienne Mathewson

Adrienne Mathewson, past Editor-in-Chief of Bibliography.com, is an Information Professional with a Master of Library Information & Science degree from San José State University with an emphasis on information literacy and scholarly publishing. Certified Librarian Adrienne is passionate about Library Science. She became a certified librarian through the State of New Mexico in 2012. University Editorial Experience as Editor-in-Chief of San Jose State University’s Student Research Journal (https://scholarworks.sjsu.edu/ischoolsrj/vol5/iss2/1/), Adrienne guided the editorial team through the scholarly journal’s double-blind, peer-reviewed process to provide quality, cited articles to library information and science researchers. Volunteer Experience inspired Adrienne’s passion for digital inclusion and information literacy led her to volunteer as a digital training team member of Librarians Without Borders (https://lwb-online.org/). She has also served as a committee member for Recuerda a César Chávez and volunteered at Magdalena Public Library in New Mexico. Connect With Adrienne Mathewson: Adrienne has over 25 years of experience as a freelance writer and editor. She lives in Santa Rosa, New Mexico. If you’d like to learn more about her, you can connect with via LinkedIn (https://www.linkedin.com/in/adriennemathewson/).
How to Add or Insert Citations in Word Quickly
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If you’re using Microsoft Word for writing your school project, you’ll benefit from some tricks to help you format your academic paper. For example, there is a very easy way to insert citations in a Word document. Follow along with the steps below and you’ll be adding in-text citations to your school paper with ease. Inserting Citations in Word, Step by Step Follow these steps to insert citations...

Setting Up Dictionary Citations for Your Essay
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A good way to guide your reader to the exact definition of a word you’ve used in your essay is to include a dictionary citation. You should keep in mind, however, that reference works, like dictionaries and encyclopedias, are secondary sources. You should use primary sources as much as possible in your essay instead. Setting up dictionary citations for your essay depends on the type of style used...

APA Image Citations for Photos and Digital Pictures
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Adding images, such as photos and digital pictures, to your sources helps your reader better visualize your research. Several sites provide access to historical photos, for example. A quick web search using the keyphrase “free historical images archive” can yield quite a few sites. Narrow your search to find a more specific image. Then, you’ll need to learn how to properly...

How to Do Citations in Google Docs in Simple Steps
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Often, students work in teams to create research papers. Google Docs is a popular way to work on shared documents, as it is free and easy to use. As each team member edits, adds comments and reviews the final paper, they can add citations to the Google Docs file. Then, all it takes is one final review before submitting your paper to your teacher. Using Google Docs to Insert Citations As you write...

Why Are Proper Citations Important in Academic Writing?
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As students begin writing papers for English and history classes, they learn about citing sources. At first, writing proper citations in academic writing seems confusing and strange. You might even think it’s a waste of time! However, as you continue to write your papers, it becomes clear why you must include citations in your research papers and essays. Understanding Style Guides When your...

Define What In-Text Citations Are for Academic Writing
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As you start writing for your English and history classes, you learn many new terms. You learn you need to cite your research sources, but you may not understand exactly what each term means. Learning the terms used in academic writing helps you understand the process. To define what in-text citations are for academic writing, we’ll first start by defining citations in general. What Are Citations...

How to Do In-Text Citations in APA Format
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As you start writing your paper, you realize you need to include in-text citations in the proper APA format. In-text citations in APA 6 are sometimes called “parenthetical” citations because they are placed inside parentheses within a sentence. You may also place them within a sentence directly. Purpose of In-Text Citations Writing a research paper usually means you’re referencing...

MLA PowerPoint Citation Examples
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These MLA 8 PowerPoint citation examples show you how to incorporate sources from slideshows into your humanities school paper. Lectures and meeting notes from conferences are useful sources for your research. Using these types of resources provides your reader with current findings in the topic being discussed. PowerPoint Citation Examples MLA citations uses nine citation elements in a container...

MLA In Text Citation for a Film Example
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Use this MLA 8 in-text citation for a film example to help you write your school paper. MLA format is a flexible editorial style designed for formatting research papers in the humanities. While creating your works cited page, remember that each in-text citation must have a corresponding source entry. Example In-Text Film Citation in MLA Style While writing your in-text citations, duplicate the...

Turabian Bible Citation Examples
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Studying Turabian Bible citation examples will help you understand how to format these sources for your school paper. Turabian style is the student version of the Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS) 17th edition. This shorter manual makes it easy for students writing humanities or science papers to create bibliographies. Author/Date Citation Examples Turabian format requires you include citations for...

Chicago In-Text Website Citation Examples
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As you’re writing your humanities or science paper in Chicago 17 style, you’ll need to create both an in-text citation and a source citation for a website. Depending on whether your teacher asks for notes-bibliography or author-date formatting, you’ll append either a bibliography or a reference list to your paper. Before you even start writing, check your assignment rubric for instructions on...

APA Bible Citation Examples
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Need to refer to religious scripture in your school paper? Take a look at these APA Bible citation examples for how you should format your references. Although students use APA 6 style for writing papers in social science subjects like psychology, economics and sociology, these subjects may also include religious themes. As well, theology classes may require APA format for assignments. As always...

Chicago Citations for Television Shows Examples
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Add some visual sources to your history paper and follow these examples of Chicago 17 citations for television shows. TV shows offer timely glimpses of current events and present new twists on historical events. Do a little background research on these shows to check the facts. You want to use authoritative sources to write your school paper. Television Show Citations in Chicago Author-Date Style...

Chicago Citation for Movie Examples
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When you include films as part of the references of bibliography of your history paper, be sure to follow these Chicago movie citation examples. The student version of Chicago 17 style, often called Turabian, is easy to use once you understand the basic elements. Depending on your teacher’s guidelines, you’ll either use the notes-bibliography or author-date style. Movie Citation Examples in...

Chicago Anthology Examples
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Anthologies can be great sources of information for your Chicago 17 style history paper. Follow these Chicago style citation anthology examples to ensure your citations are accurate and correctly formatted. For citing anthologies with multiple authors or editors, follow these book citation examples. Chicago style comes in both author-date and notes-bibliography formats, so follow your assignment...

Chicago Newspaper Citation Examples
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Following these Chicago newspaper citation examples helps you add current events to your school paper. Your teacher may assign a history paper that requires a Chicago 17 style format. After you find out if you need to use the author-date style or notes-bibliography style, refer to these easy citation formats to create your reference page or bibliography. Format for Chicago Newspaper Citation ...

Chicago Style Article Citation Examples
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These Chicago 17 style article citation examples will illustrate the basic format you should follow for your paper. Using newspaper, magazine and journal articles supplies updated data for your research sources. Published regularly, these periodicals provide current research for your school paper. Follow these examples for Chicago’s two citation styles. How to Cite a Newspaper in Chicago Style...

Chicago Magazine Article Citation Examples
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It’s helpful to follow these Chicago 17 magazine article citation examples as this style for citing sources uses two very different formats. The author-date style collects sources in a reference list, whereas the notes-bibliography style uses a bibliography. While writing entries in the author-date style, place the author’s name and date in the first two elements. If your teacher requires...

Chicago Journal Citation Examples
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Use these Chicago 17 journal citation examples while formatting your bibliography entries. Adding peer-reviewed articles to your school paper research helps to support your thesis argument. Follow your teacher’s instructions to use either Chicago notes-bibliography or Chicago author-date style. Chicago Journal Citation Format With Examples Use this basic format for citing journal articles in your...

Chicago Book Citation Examples
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Refer to these Chicago book citation examples for how you should write your bibliography. Chicago 17 style uses two ways to create bibliographies. With the author-date style, you place the author in the first element and the date in the second element. Include your source entries in a reference list following your report. The notes-bibliography style, on the other hand, is a more complicated...

MLA Bible Citation Examples
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Although most editorial styles don’t require a bibliography entry for religious works, MLA 8 style does. Follow these MLA Bible citation examples to see how it is done. This means not only do you place parenthetical or in-text citations within your paper, but you also include a corresponding entry on your works cited page. MLA Bible Citation Format Refer to these basic formats to cite biblical...

MLA Citations for Shakespeare Examples
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Following MLA citations for Shakespeare examples, such as those below, helps to ensure you cite his work correctly. Writing papers about Shakespeare’s life or his plays is easy to do with plenty of open source resources available for your research. If you’re citing his works, then use the title of the play as the first element. If you’re writing about William Shakespeare, in general, then use his...

APA Anthology Citation Examples
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An anthology is a collection of works assembled into one format. For example, essays published by different authors centered around a theme are often published in a single book. Poetry is often published in an anthology. Using writings from anthologies is a good way to find related sources for your research paper. Although citing anthologies in APA 6 style may seem confusing at first, it’s...

APA Citations for TV Shows Examples
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Follow these APA citations for TV shows examples when creating your works cited page. Writers for television shows often use the medium to explore social issues, such as racism, prison reform, gender identity and other social justice issues. Many programs produced in the 1970s brought such issues to the public’s attention. Television shows such as All in the Family, Maude, and The Jeffersons used...

APA PowerPoint Citation Examples
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Using lectures or notes created with presentation software, such as PowerPoint or Prezi, helps you in your research. Presenters sometimes share their findings at conferences or in lectures before publishing in journals or books. Find sources for your APA school paper from company training documents, lectures, and online training websites. PowerPoint presentations include a reference list of the...

MLA Magazine Article Citation Examples
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Follow these magazine article citation examples for your MLA humanities paper. That’s how you can bring current resources to your readers’ attention. Most magazines are published weekly or monthly by reputable publishers. Designed to be flexible, MLA 8 style uses the container system, which consists of nine core elements, nested in containers. This allows the writer to design a...

APA Video Citation Examples
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Following APA 6 video citation examples in your research paper helps you add visual elements for your readers. Films, movies, presentations and instructional videos are available online and on DVDs or Blu-ray discs. Popular movie themes deal with the difficulties people with psychiatric disorders, addictions or physical disabilities struggle with every day. If you’re writing a paper on addiction...

MLA Book Citation Examples
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Using these MLA book citation examples helps you follow a straightforward pattern. MLA citations make it easy to format book citations with multiple authors as you simply use the Latin term “et al.” for three or more authors. Et al. means “and others,” which helps the reader understand there are more authors than are listed in the entry. MLA 8 is a flexible system that...

MLA Journal Citation Examples
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Following these MLA journal citation examples for citing journal articles helps you create accurate works cited pages.  Scholarly journals are peer-reviewed and published regularly, which means these sources are current and authoritative. MLA 8 follows the container system. This system allows for flexibility in creating entries, especially for art, film and music sources. However, with MLA...

MLA Anthology Examples
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These MLA 8 anthology examples show how using the nine core elements within the container system helps you write accurate citations. Using works from anthologies gives you a way to find related research sources. An anthology is a collection of related works. Often poetry and short stories are collected into a single book. For anthologies, follow the basic format for citing books in MLA 8. MLA...

MLA Citations for TV Shows Examples
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Using MLA 8 citations for TV shows adds depth and context to your research. Many television show producers bring social justice issues to the public’s attention. Popular shows such as Fresh Off the Boat and Black-ish highlight racism in everyday life. Other shows, such as the updated version of One Day at a Time, use comedy to showcase the struggles of single mothers. How to Format MLA Citations...

Movie MLA Citation Examples
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While writing your humanities paper, use these movie MLA 8 citation examples to compose your works cited page. Using movies for humanities subjects, such as art, history, and philosophy, is a good way to incorporate visuals into your paper. Find movies on streaming sites, such as Netflix, or check out DVDs from the library. Movie MLA Citation Examples An easy to follow citation style like MLA can...

MLA Video Citation Examples
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Following these MLA video citation examples will guide you through the process of writing entries in your works cited page. MLA 8 style allows for flexibility while creating your works cited entries. Adapt this basic format using the container system with nine core elements. Using video sources, such as DVDs and streaming videos, sparks interest in your research paper. MLA Video Citation Format...

MLA Citation Examples for YouTube Videos
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Students may enjoy watching online videos, but how can they include them as part of an academic paper? Following MLA citation examples for YouTube videos isn’t as complicated as you might think. Fun and educational videos about art, history, and film exist on YouTube. As you look for sources for your MLA 8 research paper, consider using online videos created by reputable organizations. MLA...

MLA Website Citation Examples
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Following these MLA 8 website citation examples helps students create accurate entries in works cited lists. Finding website sources for your humanities or art history paper is easy if you remember to evaluate each website carefully. Be sure to evaluate online sources for the reliability and authority of the website’s publishers. MLA Website Citation Basic Format MLA citations uses nine core...

Newspaper Article MLA Citation Examples
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Citing a newspaper article or two in your school paper allows you to include current, relevant viewpoints to your research. MLA 8 uses nine core elements within a container system; this allows for flexibility while creating citations. This helps guide your readers to the relevant section of your citation source. Follow the newspaper article MLA citation examples below for the correct format...

APA Citation Examples for Peer Reviewed Articles
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Use these APA citation examples for peer-reviewed journal articles  to add authority to your APA 6 research paper.  Reviewing research by peers in the same field helps to validate the findings presented in the report. Usually two or more researchers review each article before submitting it to the editor for a final review and acceptance. During this process, the reviewers may present findings...

APA Article Citation Examples
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Following APA citation examples helps you write an accurate reference page. Using articles published in newspapers, magazines and journals is a good way to collect current sources for your school research paper. Since these periodicals are published on a regular basis, the information is up-to-date. Use these sources to find previous research, as well. Writing a reference source citation for...

APA Website Citation Examples
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Using the web to find information for your APA format school paper is the easiest way for students. Since it’s easy to upload content daily or even hourly, the information is current.  However, remember that not everything online is a reliable source. For example, you can look at the URL of the website and review the publisher and author. Website addresses that end in .edu or .gov are...

APA Citation YouTube Video Examples
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Using YouTube videos for your APA format research paper is a good way to add interesting visual content to your research. Although YouTube is the most popular video hosting service, there are others available. To format your APA 6 citations for other video hosting sites, such as Vimeo, include the site where you found your video source. APA Video Citation Format Follow the basic APA citation...

APA Movie Citation Examples
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Although it isn’t common to cite movies in an APA style research paper, there are times when you may need to do so. For example, movies about people who suffer from depression or anxiety may help your psychology school research paper. Another common theme is overcoming difficulties within the education system for people with disabilities. Using these types of resources adds a personal touch...

APA Magazine Article Citation Examples
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Magazine articles can be a source of accurate information for your APA format research paper. Published monthly or weekly, magazines offer a current viewpoint of newly discovered research results. However, it is important to look only for reliable authoritative sources. For example, well-established publications like Psychology Today and Time are good ways to keep up with current events. Citing...

How to Do a Chicago Style Bibliography
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Chicago style guidelines require either a full bibliography of all the works consulted during your research or a reference list of sources cited specifically in your paper. Turabian is a student version of Chicago style. Two Citation Styles Chicago style comes in two citation styles: author-date and notes-bibliography With author-date, you list all cited sources. By comparison, with notes...

How to Write an APA Bibliography
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APA 6 style guidelines require a reference list of all the sources you included in your research paper. APA references follow the author-date style of citation. You may be asked to create an annotated APA bibliography, however. This could be a separate assignment or part of the larger research project. This goes above and beyond the basic reference list with a brief discussion of each entry...

MLA Citation Rules and Guidelines
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Every citation format includes a list of sourced references at the end of your school research paper. These references detail the elements of the sources you used to conduct your research in the form of a bibliography. When formatting the MLA 8 works cited page for your humanities paper, be sure to follow these guidelines and rules for proper MLA citation. Citation Rules for MLA Works Cited In...

APA Citation Newspaper Article Examples
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While researching and writing your APA 6 style school paper, you may come across relevant articles published in newspapers. Using newspaper articles helps support your research article by providing authoritative and current news. Follow the APA citation format for periodicals when creating a reference list entry for a newspaper article. One Author Citation Format Follow this format when citing a...

APA Journal Citation Examples
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Using journal articles in your APA 6 research paper strengthens your research. There are many ways to find journal articles, including through databases and web searches. An APA journal citation follows the basic periodical format. Remember to include the URL or DOI if you use electronic sources. Journal Articles Print Citation Format The APA format for citing a journal article follows a basic...

APA Book Citation Examples
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Writing citations for your APA 6 reference list is easy if you follow the basic format. Remember to use the author’s last name and then only the initials for the first and middle names. Also, include all the necessary elements so that your reader can find the exact source you used. The APA citation format for a book follows the author-date style, which means the year of publication will...

APA Citation Guidelines
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APA 6 citation follows the author-date style of formatting in-text and reference list entries. In APA author-date style, the last name of the author and the first name initial is the first element. After that, the year of publication is added to the citation, followed by the rest of the source data. A citation is the combination of the in-text citation and the full source citation in the...

MLA Citation Guide for Essays and Papers
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Creating citations in MLA format is meant to be easy and flexible. When studying the humanities, you’ll rely heavily on sources from art, historical records, film and video. As you can find these sources on different platforms, the container system was developed to accommodate flexible MLA 8 citation formats. MLA In-Text Citation Format  Use in-text or parenthetical citations when you...