Learn and Generate Bibliographies, Citations, and Works Cited

AuthorJennifer Betts

Jennifer Betts is a diverse educational writer who has been published in multiple online forums. She also works part time as a substitute teacher with seven different school districts. Building on skills gained from a brother and son with learning disabilities, she has been a tutor and mentor for disadvantaged children for more than 20 years. Interested in learning more about Jennifer Betts, just ask.
Types of Bibliography Styles
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When it comes to writing styles, there are a lot of them. Whether you’re writing a biology, communications, theology or philosophy research paper or essay, there is a writing style for you. Learn about the different styles for formatting your paper, as well as how the reference and bibliography styles differ between them. What’s in a Name? In the world of writing, there are bibliographies...

Footnote Referencing Styles
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So, you’ve ventured into the wacky world of footnotes. Understanding which styles use them, when they use them and how to use them can have you scratching your head in confusion. Don’t fret! In this article, you’ll learn all the different footnote referencing styles, why you might use footnotes, and how to use them through examples. Using Footnotes Footnotes are one way to make in-text...

Common Research Paper Bibliography Formats
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Research papers take a lot of different steps to format your outline and discuss where your sources came from. Every paper ends with a citation page or bibliography. The type of bibliography that you use will depend on your research and subject matter. Bibliography Uncovered Before you can even get into the steps of creating your bibliography, you need to understand specifically what a...

Standard Chicago/Turabian Bibliography Template
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Creating a paper is a lot of work. However, before you can turn in your essay or report, you need to create a bibliography. The bibliography will list all the sources that you used in the creation of your work. If you follow a basic bibliography template, you’ll be sure to include all the right elements. Knowing Your Style Different styles use different citation pages. Chicago, Turabian and...

Bibliography Examples for Students
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It can be hard to know where to start when you are creating your bibliography. Are you creating the right margins? Is the formatting correct? Use examples to make sure that your bibliography is top-notch and following the correct guidelines. It’s All a Bibliography Right? When it comes to a writing a bibliography, it can get confusing. This is because the word bibliography can have a double...

Preliminary Bibliography Examples
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When you’re trying to get your project or research paper organized, it can be helpful to create a preliminary bibliography before jumping in head first. Not only will this help you to organize your research, but it’ll give you a good start on your paper. Preliminary bibliographies can also help you figure out which sources are keepers or duds. What Is a Preliminary Bibliography? After you...

How to Write a Bibliography for a School Project
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Several school projects can include a research paper. Writing a paper for a school project can be a daunting task. Whether you are writing for college or high school, you need to keep track of the sources you use and reference them at the end of your paper. The type of reference list or bibliography that you use  for your school project will depend on you or your professor. What Is a Bibliography...

Difference Between MLA and APA Citation Pages
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You’ve been looking over the different writing styles and noticed that MLA and APA are similar. Staring at the citation page, you really can’t see a difference between the two. While MLA and APA do have a lot of similarities in the citation pages, there are a few distinct differences that you’ll notice if you really look at them. MLA vs. APA If you are comparing MLA and APA citation styles...

Using Endnotes and a Bibliography
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Your professor required that you create endnotes for your in-text citation. You’ve composed your endnote page beautifully. Now, you’re looking at creating the bibliography. But why? Didn’t you already cover everything in your endnotes? Learn about the differences and similarities between a bibliography and endnotes. Find out when you’ll use each and why. Endnotes, Bibliography or Both...

Bibliography Rules and Guidelines
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Your eyes are crossed. You haven’t showered in three days, but your paper is done. Pushing away from your computer, you breathe a much needed sigh of relief. That is until you realize that you haven’t created your bibliography. What’s your style again? How do you create it? Don’t worry, your guide to bibliography rules is right here, ready to help. Not All Bibliographies Are Equal In the...

APA Style Citation Format Examples
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Writing your paper was easy-peasy. You had the perfect sources, and everything reads great. Now, it’s time to format your reference page. You’re looking at the books, web pages, PDFs, journals and magazines that you used. Formatting each one is slightly different. Break down the format that you should use by looking at a few different APA style citation examples. Citation Rules There...

Works Cited Page Example
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Your paper is perfect! All your in-text quotes have a citation, the formatting is top-notch and you’re now breathing a sigh of relief. Until you realize you don’t have a works cited. Don’t lose your cool. You have the research and the paper. Now, just follow the works cited page example below as guide to create your own. How to Do a Works Cited Page A works cited page is the last page of your MLA...

Easy APA Citation Guide to Generate Reference Pages
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Your professor requested APA format and your paper is done. Time to breathe easy, right? What about your references page? You didn’t think to create that while you were writing your paper and now you are staring at it in horror. You have your references, but what should they look like? How should they be formatted? Check out a few examples and you’ll find that formatting an APA citation is...

Turabian Style Citations and Bibliography
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Your professor has told you to write your paper in Turabian style, but you’re clueless. You keep seeing this style and Chicago combined. Now you are really confused. Find your answers to what Turabian is and how it’s created. What Is Turabian Style? Turabian is a style covered under the Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS). The difference in these styles is who they are created for...

Differences Between Bibliography, Works Cited, and References
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Is your head spinning over the difference? Don’t let the terminology get to you. In their most basic form, references, works cited and a bibliography are all essentially the same thing. They’re a page (or pages) at the end of your paper where you cite the sources you used to form your essay. Learn when to use a list of references, a bibliography or a works cited list, along with how they’re...

How to Make a Citation in MLA, APA, and Chicago/Turabian
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In high school, college and even during your professional career, knowing how to make a citation within your writing is important. The citation lets the reader know where you found the information and where they can find the information. It also makes it clear that these aren’t your thoughts. Citation is all about giving credit where credit is due. Citation is All About Style Whether it’s...

Understanding Citations vs. References
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References and citations are the apples and oranges of the writing world. While it might seem like these two words are interchangeable. They are distinctly different within a scholarly writing piece. Learn what they are and how to use each one. Citations or References No matter what writing style that you use, you’ll come across the reference or citation dilemma, especially if you’re a...

How to Write an Annotated Bibliography in MLA Format
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Is your professor asking you to write an annotated bibliography? Are you clueless? You’ve come to the right place. The world of bibliographies can be a difficult web to weave, especially when you are talking about annotated bibliographies. Take a deep breath and get ready. You’re going to learn everything you need to know to make an annotated bibliography in MLA style. What Is an Annotated...

How to Write Footnotes in MLA and APA
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The time has come. You need to write footnotes as part of your paper. The sweat is beading. You’re starting to wonder if there is a way around it. Formatting footnotes isn’t the end of the world, if you know what you’re doing. When to Use Footnotes in APA Before you dive head first into the world of footnotes, it is important to realize that APA format doesn’t generally recommend that you...

How to Cite the Bible
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The Bible is a formidable opponent when it comes to writing. How are you supposed to cite the different elements in the Bible? How does it vary with each citation style? The list of questions goes on and on. However, don’t sweat it. Breaking down how to cite Bible verse is as easy as A, B, C. First In-Text Citation or Parenthetical Reference There are different places that you might choose to...

How to Cite a PDF
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You’ve found the best source ever, but it is a PDF. Don’t overlook it just because you are unsure of how to cite this type of document. Find out how to cite a PDF in your references, no matter which style you are using. Cite a One Author PDF Setting up the citation in your references for a PDF is similar to an e-book or another digital document. However, depending on different variables, like...

APA In-Text Citations and References for Multiple Authors
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Figuring out how to format your work with just one author was hard enough. Now, you have a book that has three different authors and one with eleven different authors. You know all those names are just going to clutter up your APA essay. Learn the right way to source multiple authors in the APA style. Creating a Parenthetical Citation Whether you have a book or magazine with multiple sources, the...

How to Cite a Picture in MLA
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Images add diversity and visual information that sometimes just isn’t possible with words alone. But, how do you cite a picture and add it to your MLA works cited list? Learn the ins and outs of citing a picture in your work and a little about the legalities. Adding a Reproduced Image in Text Sometimes, it makes sense to reference images visually to prove a point. This is especially true if you...

How to Cite YouTube and Other Videos in MLA and APA
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With the advent of YouTube, Vimeo and other great sites, you can find short videos and how-to-videos online from a wide range of experts. This means, you might need to cite a video as part of your essay. Make your video citations “fabulous” by following a few simple tricks. Style Matters Of course, style matters. This is professional writing, after all. However, basically each style...

Correct Blog Citations
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You thought that your citation game was strong. But, you’ve hit a blog. Don’t stress. Blog style citations typically break down the who, when, what and where of the blog you used. Just so you are prepared for anything that comes your way, learn the formats for APA, MLA, Harvard and Chicago. How to Cite a Blog in APA Listen up social science, education or psychology writers. Because, this is for...

APA Style Citations for Quotes, Paraphrasing, and References
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You think citing quotes in your APA paper is going to be simple. But, suddenly you have one book with multiple authors and another book with no date. You’re trying to add a citation for a website quote with no author or date. Plus, you have an interview. Simple citations have become a mess. Break down citations for books, websites and even interviews in even the most difficult of situations...

APA Citations for Personal Interviews and Transcripts
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Interviews can add a personalized touch to your paper, since this information is not found anywhere else and comes from an expert. Interviews are primary sources. Since you’ve done all the hard work and conducted these interviews, make sure you format your citations correctly in APA style. Give your paper the polished look it deserves. Adding an Interview in APA APA is a style set forth by the...

How to Cite a Wikipedia Page in 4 Easy Ways
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Wikipedia is a great starting point for research. Some will caution using it as a source because the content is user generated and plagiarism issues can come into play. But, it’s usually backed up with additional sources that can improve your writing. If you’re adding it to your bibliography, reference list or works cited, there are a few easy ways to cite Wikipedia no matter what format...

How to Do APA Citations With No Author
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Writing can be a fun and exciting time. Don’t let your head get all jumbled over styles, especially if you come across a difficult source like a blog or article with no author. Instead of losing your cool, follow these simple steps to citing sources with no author in APA. No Author, No Problem for APA Style guides let you wrap everything up in a nice neat package. They even cover those sticky...

Tips on Citing a Poem in MLA Style
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Hath thou ever cited a poem before? Citing a poem in MLA format isn’t life or death; it’s simply a matter of knowing the format. Not only will your writing be flawless, but your poem quotations will be impeccable too. Citing a Poem In-Text Poems come in all shapes and sizes. They can be the size of a novel or as few as two lines. Therefore, it makes sense that citing a poem in the text of an MLA...