Hath thou ever cited a poem before? Citing a poem in MLA format isn’t life or death, it’s simply a matter of knowing the format. Not only will your writing be flawless, but your poem quotations will be impeccable.
How to Cite a Poem In-Text
Poems come in all shapes and sizes. They can be the size of a novel or as few as two lines. Therefore, it makes sense that citing a poem in the text takes on a few different variations.
Pay Attention to Quotes
When quoting poetry, you can quote just a few lines or several depending on the point you are trying to illustrate. In MLA, your formatting will be different depending on how many lines you are quoting.
Short Poem Quotes
Only using 2-3 lines, follow these quick tips.
- Set off the poem with quotes. (e.g. “Two roads diverged in a yellow wood”)
- You will also use a slash (/) for line breaks. (e.g. “Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, / Sorry I could not travel both”)
Long Poem Quotes
Using a whole stanza or even a block of poetry in your writing, different rules apply. Examine tips for quoting 4 or more lines of poetry. This is called a block quotation.
- Zero quotes given. When you are quoting a large block of poetry forget the quotes.
- Don’t forget the colon. Your introduction line will include a colon.
- Indentation is important. To make the poem stand out and look like a block, you’ll indent a half-inch.
- Period placement will be before the citation.
An example is really necessary for this to all click. Look at the example from Robert Frost’s “The Road Not Taken”:
Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,
And sorry I could not travel both
And be one traveler, long I stood
And looked down one as far as I could
To where it bent in the undergrowth;
Finish Off With a Bang
Poem quoting, ‘forget about it,’ you’ve got it down to a science. Now, it is time to end it perfectly. To end a poem quote, you’ll include the Author’s last name and lines you used in parentheses (Frost line 1-5). This will go after the period. For example:
I shall be telling this with a sigh
Somewhere ages and ages hence:
Two roads diverged in a wood, and I—
I took the one less traveled by,
And that has made all the difference. (Frost lines 16-20)
If the name of the author was included in your intro then you would include only the lines. Just like the example:
- Frost discusses the road less traveled in the lines, “I took the road less traveled by, / And that has made all the difference.” (19-20)
Know the Kind of Poem
When you are including the title of the poem in text, there are a couple of ways this could go down depending on what type of poem it is.
- For a regular old poem, you will simply put the title in italics (e.g. “The Road Not Taken”).
- If your poem is a novel length, epic poem things get a bit different. In this case, you’ll italicize or underline the title (e.g. “Divine Comedy”)
Tips for Creating the Works Cited Reference
It is all about the style. Your reference for your works cited is going to take a different format if you found the poem online, in a book or if it’s an epic poem. Look at an example of each.
Poem in a Book
This is for all published standard format poems.
- Author name (last, first). “Title of Poem.” Title of book (italicized). Edited by first name, last name, Edition if not first, Shortened publisher name, Publication year, Page numbers.
Poems that you find on the web that might not have a printed version.
- Author name (last, first). “Title.” website in italics, URL. Accessed date (e.g. 29 April 2018)
Poems that are a novel in length are treated like a book.
- Author name (last, first). Poem title (italized). City of Publication: Publisher, year of publication.
How is MLA Different From APA?
APA and MLA formats are different because they are designed for different writing styles. MLA is mostly for humanities subjects, while APA is for social science. Therefore, the way that the citations for the works cited are composed is quite different. However, in-text citation isn’t that much different. The are still quotes around the poem and an introductory sentence.
How to Cite: What a Question
Citing poems in MLA format has a few rules to follow, but once you get the knack for them, it is a piece of cake. Go out and give these tips a try in your work.