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Chicago Block Quote Format With Examples

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Adding quotations from books and plays can be an important part of your paper. Quotations strengthen your argument or add emphasis to a discussion about an author’s writing style or genre. The Chicago style block quote format is the same for both author-date and notes style. You can even incorporate quotations within a note, if needed. However, most school and college essays do not require that level of complexity.

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Formatting a Block Quotation

To determine when a quotation should be incorporated in the text of your essay or set off by a block quote in a Chicago paper, look at its length and type. Prose is text such as words in a report or book. By contrast, verse is poetry or drama.

Prose Quotations

The length of the prose passage determines how you should format the quotation:

  • If the section is four or fewer lines, include it in text, set off by quotation marks.
  • If the section is five or more lines, set it off in a block quotation.

You may use a block quote for a quotation shorter than five lines if you want to emphasize it or compare it to a shorter quotation.

Note: Follow the same instructions for quotations within notes.

Formatting Rules

If your introduction to the quotation is a complete sentence, use a colon before the quotation. Use a comma before the block quotation, if you introduce the quotation with such words as “according to,” “claims,” or “notes.”

Some other formatting rules you should keep in mind include:

  1. Do not enclose the quote in quotation marks.
  2. Single space the quoted section.
  3. Leave a space before and after the block quote.
  4. Keep quotations marks if they are used within the quotation itself.
  5. Indent the whole block as you would a paragraph (0.5 inches).
  6. If you include more than one paragraph in the same block quote, do not add a line between them but continue to indent by 0.5 inches.

Block Quote Example

In this interview with Luis Valdez, Orono-Cordova notes his success:

In January of 1978, Valdez was named a recipient of the prestigious Rockefeller Foundation Playwright-in-Residence Award in connection with the production of his original play, Zoot Suit. He was commissioned to write and direct Zoot Suit for production by the Mark Taper Forum of the Center Theatre Croup in Los Angeles. After a successful run at the Taper, in August of 1978 the play moved to a nine-month extension of sold-out performances and hit reviews at the Aquarius Theatre in Hollywood, where the movie version of Zoot Suit was filmed in 1981. (Orono-Cordova, 96)

Orona-Cordova, Roberta. “Zoot Suit and the Pachuco Phenomenon: An Interview with Luis Valdez.” Revista Chicano-Riquena 11 (1983): 95-111.

If you cite your source in a footnote or endnote, place the superscript note number at the end of the block quotation.

For author-date style, place the in-text citation after the last period in the block quotation in parentheses.

Formatting Verse Block Quotations

Student reviewing Chicago Block Quote Format

If you are including a quotation from poetry or a drama, you follow different rules.

  • Use a block quotation for two or more lines of poetry.
  • Indent the entire block by 0.5 inches.

Example

Chicana poet and feminist Gloria Anzaldúa describes the pain of straddling two cultures in her poem, “To Live in the Borderlands”:

To live in the Borderlands means knowing that the india in you, betrayed for 500 years,
is no longer speaking to you,
the mexicanas call you rajetas, that denying the Anglo inside you
is as bad as having denied the Indian or Black. (1987)

Note: Keep the original punctuation, spelling and capitalization intact even if it’s technically incorrect.

 

If you’re including two or more lines of dialogue from a play, format it the same. Use all caps for the speakers’ names or use a different font.

Zoot Suit, a Chicano play, strikes a hard note about prejudice in this exchange:

EL PACHUCO: The idea of the original chuco is to look like a diamond, to look sharp, hip, bonaroo,      finding a style of urban survival in the rural skirts and outskirts of the brown metropolis ….
PRESS: It’s an afront to good taste!
EL PACHUCO: Like the Mexicans, Filipinos and blacks who wear them?
PRESS: Yes!

Note: If a line runs over to the next lines, indent them.

Tips for Modifying Quotations

Although you should copy the quotation exactly as it is, there is room for some modification. For example, in Chicago style you are allowed to change small errors such as obvious spelling errors without noting the change.

However, don’t change quotations:

  • If the language uses obsolete words or phrasing
  • If the error itself proves a point in your argument; keep it the same but insert [sic]

If you want to emphasize a part of a quotation by using italics, add a note within brackets, such as [emphasis added].

If you insert an explanation or your own words into a quotation, set it off by square brackets, like [museums, libraries].

Omitting Words

If you have a long quotation that can be shortened by omitting unneeded words or phrases, you can insert ellipses in place of the words. However, make sure you’re not removing words that change the meaning of the quotation.

Ellipses Example

After a successful run at the Taper, in August of 1978 the play moved to … the Aquarius Theatre in Hollywood, where the movie version of Zoot Suit was filmed in 1981.

Incorporating Quotes for Depth

It’s always a good idea to incorporate quotations, particularly when discussing a writer’s unique style. Long quotations are acceptable and can add depth to your paper.

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