Learn and Generate Bibliographies, Citations, and Works Cited

Standard Chicago/Turabian Bibliography Template


Creating a paper is a lot of work. However, before you can sit back and relax, you need to create a bibliography. The bibliography will list all the sources that you used in the creation of your work. Bibliographies are typically found in Chicago, Turabian and Harvard writing styles.

Students creating Chicago Turabian bibliography

Knowing Your Style

Different styles use different citation pages. Chicago, Turabian and Harvard can use a bibliography at the end of the paper that provides citation information for all the sources used in the creation of the piece. This will include both works that are cited in the writing and those that were used as background information. Modern Language Association and American Psychological Association use a different citation page.

Bibliography Layout

The bibliography of your work will follow the format of the rest of the writing. It’ll have a 1-inch top and left margin. The title of the work will come after the page number header. Between the title and the first entry will be a double space. Entries will be single spaced with a space in between each one. The citations will also have a ½-inch hanging indent that comes after the first line of information. The bibliography will come at the very end of your writing on the last page after endnotes, if they are used.

Bibliography Title

The title of the bibliography will follow title capitalization. It will be centered on the page and labeled, ‘Bibliography.’ It doesn’t need to be bold or italicized. Additionally, it’ll be in the same font and font size as the rest of the paper (e.g. Times New Roman, 12 pt.).

Bibliography Order

After the title, you’ll start adding the citation entries. These will be listed in alphabetical order, according to the first word. Typically, this will be by the last name of the first author, but for works that don’t have authors, it could be the title of the work or corporation.

Creating Citations

Like any citations page, the way that you format your citations will vary based on what type of work you are using. For instance, the citation for a website is different from a book. However, there are a few general rules to remember.

  1. Write out the names of up to three authors, after that use the first author’s name and et al. which means ‘and others’ in Latin.
  2. If publication date isn’t available use ‘n.d.’ for works that are printed.
  3. Instead of URLs, use DOIs if they are available.
  4. All the major words in a title will be capitalized.
  5. Titles are typically italicized or in italics, depending on style.

Now, that you know the general rules, check out how a few different citations are composed in Chicago/Turabian style.


Buzzer, Katie. A Culture. New York: Riverhead Books, 1998.



Cunningham, Vinson. “You Don’t Understand: John McWhorter Makes His Case for Black English.” New Yorker, May 15, 2017.



“Band.” Casa de CalexicoAccessed January 7, 2019. http://www.casadecalexico.com/band.

Bibliography Template

The best way to figure out how to create your bibliography is to look at a template to understand how it will look in the real world.

Bibliography Template Example

Formatting Your Bibliography

To make sure that your writing is professional and uniform, there are several different writing styles. These styles help to dictate what your bibliography will look like. By following the rules for formatting, titles and entries, you can make sure that your work is perfect.

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About the author

Jennifer Betts

Jennifer Betts is a diverse educational writer who has been published in multiple online forums. She also works part time as a substitute teacher with seven different school districts. Building on skills gained from a brother and son with learning disabilities, she has been a tutor and mentor for disadvantaged children for more than 20 years. Interested in learning more about Jennifer Betts, just ask.

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