Learn and Master Bibliographies, Works Cited, and References

Creating Chicago Author-Date Entries For Online Sources

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Creating entries in Chicago/Turabian author-date style is easier than the notes-biblio style. The notes-biblio style works well for research papers where you need to give your reader a lot of background information. However, the author-date style works better for research papers when the primary method of directing your reader to your source is by providing the name of the creator of the work and the date.

In most social sciences, natural and physical sciences the author-date style is the best way to go. Instead of developing a bibliography of all the works consulted, you will create a reference list of actual sources used in your research.

Citing Web Pages

Order of Elements

Create reference list entries for web pages by using these elements: author, publication date, title of page, title of site, and owner of the site. Add the URL at the end of the entry.

Undated Source

If you cannot find a publication date, use n.d. and include the date you accessed the source. Otherwise, you do not need to add the access date. As well, if you are using a source that is updated often, you may use a time stamp, if available.

Example

World Oral Literature Project. n.d. “Endangered Languages Database: Introduction to Resource and Terms of Use.” Accessed May 27, 2019. http://www.oralliterature.org/research/databaseterms.html.

No Author Listed

List the owner, creator or website name in the entry, if there is no author.

Example

Book Industry Study Group. 2016. “BISG Quick Start Guide to Accessible Publishing.” March 6.  BISG. https://www.bisg.org/publications/bisq-quick-start-guide-accessible-publishing.

Citing Blogs

Include blog posts and comments within the text of your school research paper. If you feel a blog post reference is important to your argument, you may include a reference list entry. Blog comments, on the other hand, are incorporated within the text.

Example

Ehrenkranz, Melanie. 2019. “Tesla IS Blocking Its Employees From Accessing an Anonymous Social Network for Workplace Complaints”. Gizmodo. June 4, 2019. https://gizmodo.com/tesla-is-blocking-its-employees-from-accessing-an-anony-1835238737

Note: If the blog post is within a larger organization such as Los Angeles Times, include (blog) after the title.

Social Media Post Entries

Treat social media posts the same way as blog posts. Cite these posts in the text unless you feel it’s critical to your research, then add a reference list entry.

Using online sources is an important part of research. However, make sure the website you are using for research is developed by a reputable organization. If the URL ends in .edu or .gov, feel assured it is reputable. Organizations, such as non-profits, may use .org, which is considered reputable. If the web source you are citing is from a well-established news source such as Time Magazine or the New York Times, you can feel comfortable. However, if you’re unsure do some research first, particularly with political websites.

 

 

 

 

About the author

Adrienne Mathewson

Adrienne Mathewson, Editor-in-Chief of Bibliography.com, is an Information Professional with a Master’s in Library, Information & Science from San José State University with an emphasis on information literacy and scholarly publishing. She is a certified librarian through the State of New Mexico. As Editor-in-Chief of SJSU School of Information SRJ. Adrienne guided the editorial team through the scholarly journal’s double-blind, peer reviewed process to provide quality, cited articles to library information and science researchers. Her passion for digital inclusion and information literacy led her to volunteer as a digital training team member of Librarians Without Borders. Adrienne has over 25 years of experience as a freelance writer and editor.

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