As you conduct research on a particular topic, you will notice you come across the same authors who publish frequently. That is because researchers tend to focus on a particular area and continue to publish in it. It’s important you check publication dates to make sure you are aware of the most current research.
Because there are a limited number of researchers in a particular topic area, these authors will often collaborate with each other. This bolsters their researching capability, building on individual strengths. This is good for the research field but confusing when you’re arranging sources in your reference list or creating in-text citations.
For example, say you have four different journal articles on the same subject. Two articles are written by an expert named Frank J. Metizinger, published in 2012, and 2016. Then an article by Metizinger, Edward Solinger, and Doris B. Lessing, and one by Lessing and Metizinger.
When you create an APA in-text citation, you need to include author(s) name, date of publication and the page(s) number(s) if it’s direct quote, in parentheses. This is also called a parenthetical citation. Separate each element by a comma. Separate authors’ names by using the ampersand rather than spelling out and.
Since you’re citing from different publications by the same authors, you need to distinguish those reports so the reader can find the full source in the reference list.
One author, two publication dates
Two authors, one article
Three to five authors, one article
For the first mention include all authors, for subsequent citations, shorten to et al..
More than six authors, place the first author’s last name, initial then et al. and date.
Arranging Citations in APA Reference List
Arranging your sources in an APA reference list, is done by the author’s last name, first name initial. It follows the letter by letter alphabetizing method.
- If you have an author or authors of articles published in different years, use the year of publication to arrange them.
- When you have works by multiple authors, arrange those in the same order as listed in the publication. Although some authors are listed alphabetically, others may be listed by contribution amount.
Finding sources by the same authors, listed in various orders, is common when researching a particular topic. In order to lead the reader from the in-text citation to the correct reference list entry, double-check dates and make sure you include all authors.