Writing can be a fun and exciting time. Don’t let your head get all jumbled over styles, especially if you come across a difficult source like a blog or article with no author. Instead of losing your cool, follow these simple steps to citing sources with no author in APA.
No Author, No Problem for APA
Style guides let you wrap everything up in a nice neat package. They even cover those sticky situations where no author is listed. And this can happen on any source, including a web page, manual, article or blog, to name a few. It’s easiest to break down the steps for each different one.
Websites such as Wikipedia have multiple authors that are unknown. You don’t have to sweat it when it comes time for creating your works cited. Breaking down references for a web page in APA style is pretty simple.
- List the article title. This is the first piece of information you will note, and it will go in the place of the author.
- Add the published date in parentheses. The date will follow the format: year, month and day, if available.
- Source retrieval information. This will follow the format retrieved from followed by the URL or DOI.
Example In-Text: While citing in-text, include the title in parentheses and the date.
Imagine you found an informational article but no author. Format your citation in a snap.
- The title of the article takes the first position.
- Add the published date. In this instance, there is only a year.
- Add the publisher of the article. This will be italicized. You’ll also list the volume if it is available.
- List the retrieved from information.
Example In-Text: For an article, you’ll shorten the title (typically to 2-3 words), add the publication date and page numbers. If there are no page numbers, use the paragraph number or heading number.
While combing through a product manual isn’t the highlight of anyone’s evening, there may come a time when you need to source one. Follow these steps when you do:
- Start with the company name.
- Follow with the publication date in parentheses.
- Italicize the name of the product.
- Include the type of product.
- End with the retrieved from URL or where published and publisher.
Example In-Text:To create an in-text citation, you’ll include the company name, publication year and possibly the page numbers.
Blogs can offer a plethora of information and unique experiences to your article. While it’s rare, you might come across a blog post with no author. Follow the steps to cite it perfectly.
- List the title of the post. There will also be a description in brackets.
- Add the date the post graced the internet.
- Finish with the retrieval URL for the post itself.
Example In-Text: For a blog, you’ll add a shortened title and date.
No Author and No Date
Not everything is going to have a date listed for you. If you can’t find the date, don’t spend hours trying to comb every single page to find it. Instead, you can just list (n.d.), short for “no date.” For a website, this would look like:
Title of the page. (n.d.). Retrieved at www.fakewebsite.com
Keeping It Simple
You might be an APA style writing master, but curve balls, like no authors, can throw you for a loop. It can be hard to figure out what to do. Don’t sweat it. Instead, take a deep breath and follow the steps to create an APA reference list entry for your source.