As you research for your school paper, you’ll likely come across sources in the form of technical and research reports. These types of reports are useful as secondary sources and to help you find primary sources but should not be relied on as the basis of your thesis. However, original qualitative and quantitative research papers are considered primary sources.
Creating APA Citations
It’s simple to create your reference list entries for technical and research reports as you simply follow the basic book citation format:
Author, AA. (1998). Title of work (Report No. xxx). Location: Publisher.
As you can see, there is a place to enter a report number enclosed in parentheses after the title. There will not necessarily be a report number, so don’t worry if you can’t find it. That number may also be called:
- Contract number
- Monograph number
Note: Reports published by the U.S. Government Printing Office will use Washington, DC: Government Printing Office for the publisher name and location.
If the publisher is also the author, place the name of the agency as the author.
Retrieved from Name of Agency website, https://www.xxxxxx at the end of the citation.
Corporate Author, Government Report
Task Force Online Report
Nongovernmental Organization Report
A nongovernmental organization, or NGO, is a non-profit organized around a common goal for the betterment of society. NGOs will often publish research results.
Many libraries, universities and other institutions interested in preserving documents, provide archives for collections of work, including technical reports. Here is an example of a report archived at the University of Michigan.
An issue brief is a short summary outlining the problems surrounding an issue, written for a layperson. Include the issue brief number inside parentheses after the title, as shown.
(Source for examples: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association)
Government reports are good ways to find authoritative sources for your school report. Study the reports carefully to determine whether they are primary or secondary sources.