Learn and Generate Bibliographies, Citations, and Works Cited

APA Style Citation Format Examples


Writing your paper was easy-peasy. You had the perfect sources, and everything reads great. Now it’s time to format your reference page. You’re looking at the books, web pages, PDFs, journals and magazines that you used. Formatting each one is slightly different. Break down the format that you should use by looking at a few different examples.

Student writing APA style citation

Citation Rules

There are rules that the citation page will follow for every style. APA has its own specific rules. These include:

  • Entries should be alphabetized.
  • Entries will start with author’s last name followed by their initials (e.g. Smith, A. B.).
  • Only the first word of a title of a book, article or web page is capitalized (e.g. How to work with your hands).
  • Journal titles are capitalized.
  • Book and journal titles are italicized.

Basic Citation Formatting

Formatting your reference page can be a nightmare, but there are a few simple rules that you need to remember. Every citation that you make should answer the following questions:

  • Who wrote it?
  • Where did you find it?
  • What is it?
  • When was it published or found?

To really understand formatting, you need to look at examples.

Book Examples

Books are a major source of information in your essay. Books come in print or electronic versions. Learn how to format both.


Author, A. A. (Publication year). Work title: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location of publisher: Publisher.



Author, A. A. (Date.). Work title: Capital letter also for subtitle. Retrieved from https://includethewebsite.com


Kindle Book:

Author, A. A. (Date). Work title [Kindle DX version]. Retrieved from Amazon.com


Remember that books can include multiple authors or even no authors. Formatting for these will be special.

Periodical Examples

If you are creating a work on social sciences, chances are high that you will include a periodical in your sources. Periodicals follow the basic format of:


Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year of publication). Article title. Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. https://doi.org/xx.xxx/yyyy



Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Publication date). Article title. Title of Online Periodical, volume number (issue number if available). Retrieved from

Newspaper Examples

The news changes daily. Finding information in a newspaper can offer the most up-to-date source. Knowing how to format it is pivotal.


Author, A. (Year, Month Day). Title. Newspaper Name, pp. 1A, 2A.



Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper. Retrieved from https://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

Web Document Example

The web can offer a plethora of information. Learn how to cite it correctly. Here are some examples:

Section of a web document:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Publication date). Title. In Title of book or larger document (chapter or section number). Retrieved from https://www.someaddress.com/full/url/



Author, A. A. [Screen name]. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

APA Reference Example

Now that you know how to format different sources in APA, look at how they come into play through an example reference page.

Formatting in APA

Formatting your citations in APA can be simple as long as you know the basic questions to answer. Instead of stressing, look at the examples and create your page.

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About the author

Jennifer Betts

Jennifer Betts is a diverse educational writer who has been published in multiple online forums. She also works part time as a substitute teacher with seven different school districts. Building on skills gained from a brother and son with learning disabilities, she has been a tutor and mentor for disadvantaged children for more than 20 years. Interested in learning more about Jennifer Betts, just ask.

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