Many times, researchers in particular field will write papers together. At times, several authors, even eight or more, will collaborate on an extensive research paper. This can be confusing while creating your APA reference list.
Creating Reference List Entries for Six Authors or More
Format – Up to and including seven authors:
Author, A.A., Author, B.B., Author, C.C. & Author, D.D. (2000). Book title. Location: Publisher.
Continue adding authors, including the seventh author.
Citing Books in APA With More Than Seven Authors
Include the first 6 authors’ names, insert three ellipsis points, then last author:
Author, A.A., Author, B.B., Author, C.C., Author, D.D., Author, E.E., Author, F.F.,…Author, G.G. (2001). Book title. Location: Publisher.
Note: before ellipsis points make sure you put a period after the last initial, then a comma, then three ellipsis points.
Author, F.F.,…Author, G.G. (2001).
In-text Citations for Multiple Authors
When a book has six or more authors, cite only the surname of the first author followed by et.al. and the year for the first and subsequent citations.
Alonzo et al. (2016) discussed various aspects of their research……
Sometimes you will have two or more citations with the some of the same authors. Since researchers in the same field will often collaborate on research project, this may happen frequently. If you just list the first author’s name and et al., you may not lead the reader to the correct source. In order to avoid that problem, follow these steps:
- Check the dates of the cited material.
- If there are different publication dates, go ahead and use the first author’s surname, et al., and then the date.
However, if the years of publication are the same, you’ll need to list the authors’ surnames until you reach the first different author.
Researchers Frederick Alonzo and Stuart Lessing collaborate on papers, in this case, they also worked with four other authors on other projects. List the author names, followed by the date of publication in-text.
Citing several authors within the text and in your reference list can be time-consuming and confusing; however, it’s important that you point your reader to the correct source. Since many researchers collaborate in their respective fields, you will find this scenario comes up frequently during your research.